GREFI Fertility Treatments

Infertility is a more common problem that most people realize. In the United States alone, there are about 6.7 million women between the ages of 15 and 44 whose ability to have children is in some way impaired. Fortunately, with significant advances in medical technology and fertility services, couples struggling with fertility problems can significantly improve their chances of conceiving and giving birth to the child they have always dreamed of. Although there are a variety of different fertility problems that may affect both women and men, many can be diagnosed and treated with medical intervention. The following is a list of common treatments and methods of assisted reproductive technology that can improve a couple’s chances of becoming pregnant despite fertility problems.

Common Treatments for Fertility Problems

  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) – IVF is a common method of assisted reproductive technology, during which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body and then placed in the uterus. IVF can be performed using the couple’s own sperm and eggs, or with donor sperm, eggs or embryos.
  • Artificial insemination – Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment that involves manually inserting sperm into a woman’s uterus. Many couples opt for artificial insemination when there is a problem with the male partner’s sperm, if he suffers from erectile dysfunction, or if the woman suffers from ovulation problems that prevent her from conceiving.
  • Fertility preservation in cancer patients – Fertility preservation is a technique commonly used in patients undergoing cancer treatment who wish to try for a pregnancy at a later time. Because cancer and cancer treatment may cause infertility in women or sterility in men, fertility preservation may be a good option for couples diagnosed with cancer.
  • Intra-cytoplasm sperm insemination (ICSI) – ICSI is a type of IVF that involves injecting a single sperm directly into the cytoplasm of a mature egg. This method of assisted reproductive technology is most commonly used in cases of male infertility or in cases where eggs are not easily penetrated by sperm.
  • Laparoscopic surgery – This type of surgery is a minimally invasive technique in which procedures are performed through small incisions in the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery can be used in a variety of gynecologic procedures, including hysterectomy, ovarian cystectomy, treatment for endometriosis, or removal of an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Myomectomy – A myomectomy is a type of surgical procedure used to remove uterine fibroids, noncancerous growths that develop inside the uterus. This treatment is preferred for women with uterine fibroids who wish to become pregnant, because it allows the uterus to be left in place and may even increase the chances of pregnancy.
  • Ovarian cystectomy –This procedure is commonly used to remove ovarian cysts in cases where it is desirable to leave a functional ovary in place. Although many ovarian cysts are harmless, some can cause serious problems like irregular bleeding or severe pain, requiring removal of the cyst.
  • Egg aspiration – Egg aspiration is a technique used in IVF and involves eggs being collected from the ovary in order to be fertilized outside the body. During this procedure, healthy eggs are retrieved, inseminated and implanted into the uterus to increase the chances of pregnancy.
  • Tuboplasty – A tuboplasty is a surgical procedure used to repair an obstruction in the fallopian tubes and restore a woman’s ability to become pregnant. In most cases of tubal infertility, after a tuboplasty is performed, the woman can conceive naturally.

Contact Our Fertility Specialists for Help

page-logo3Many couples struggling with fertility problems have a difficult time discussing their inability to conceive, even with a fertility doctor. This is often due at least in part to social stigmas and gender-based stereotypes that require women to fulfill a maternal role and expect men to be strong and masculine. However, when it comes to infertility issues, it is best to discuss possible treatment methods with a qualified fertility specialist who can help couples overcome fertility problems and become pregnant using any number of fertility treatments. Don’t let fertility problems like endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome prevent you from conceiving and starting a family. Contact our fertility specialists at GREFI and come in for a consultation at our San Juan or Ponce offices in Puerto Rico.

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