Policystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex syndrome that affects many women in different ways. It is recognized by symptoms like irregular menstrual periods or absence of menstrual bleeding, ovulation-related infertility, increased facial or body hair, acne, insulin resistance and obesity. Not all cases of PCOS present the same, and some may even be asymptomatic.

pcod1Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome occurs when the ovary maintains many small sacs of fluid that affect a woman’s hormonal balance. It is a very common endocrine disorder in females and its cause remains unknown. A diagnosis of PCOS is usually made using ultrasound, hormonal findings and clinical features.

Treatment for PCOS will vary depending on the severity of the case, and often involves the treatment of problems like obesity, hormonal imbalance or fertility management as well. It is rare that a surgical approach is required. If left untreated, serious complications may develop, such as Type 2 Diabetes or endometrial cancer.

Copyright © 2013