Anatomical Abnormalities

Many anatomical abnormality cases are related to problems with infertility and recurrent miscarriage, and can be associated with external or internal genitalia. These syndromes can also affect menstruation and may cause bleeding abnormalities that can lead to anemia and chronic pelvic pain.

anatomical-abnormalities2Some examples of anatomical abnormality cases include the following: absent uterus, ovary or vagina; double uterus or cervix; one-sided uterus; uterus with two horns; septate uterus; T-shaped uterus; double vagina; non-functioning ovaries; ovaries with both female and male tissue; imperforate hymen; and absent or non-patent fallopian tubes. Each of these abnormalities may affect a woman’s ability to get pregnant or carry a child to term. Some are also related to an increased risk of cancer, and may be accompanied by other diseases or syndromes.

Diagnosis and treatment of such anatomical abnormalities may require sophisticated radiologic exams, such as MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), ultrasound, endoscopic examination of uterine cavity through the cervix and laparoscopic surgery. Definitive surgical treatment is also available, which may improve fertility and quality of life.

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