Fertility Problems

Fertility problems come in all shapes and forms and can have a significant impact on the ability of a woman to conceive naturally. Fortunately, there are treatment options available for couples struggling with fertility problems that can increase the likelihood of pregnancy. It’s easy to feel like you’re alone in experiencing fertility problems, but the truth is, roughly 6.7 million women between the ages of 15 and 44 have difficulty getting pregnant. According to current statistics, in 40% of cases of infertility, the problems lies with the male, in 40% with the female, in 10% with both partners, and in the remaining 10%, the cause of the fertility problems is unknown. The following is a list of some of the most common fertility problems affecting men and women today.

Common Types of Fertility Problems Affecting Couples

  • Male fertility problems – Male infertility is the inability of a male to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile female. Problems with fertility in men may be related to ejaculation problems, poor hormonal support, sperm quality or quantity, or problems with the genital tract.
  • Age factor – Age plays an important role in a woman’s fertility because, as maternal age increases, fertility, ovulation, and egg quality and quantity decline. As a woman ages, she may also face an increased risk of problems like spontaneous abortion or genetic defects in the embryo.
  • Endometriosis – This condition occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, possibly in the intestine, abdominal wall, ovaries or fallopian tubes. Endometriosis can cause an affected woman significant discomfort, as well as problems with urination, fertility and bowel movements.
  • Uterine fibroids – Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the uterus and can cause problems with menstruation and fertility. Common symptoms related to uterine fibroids include abdominal pain, bloating and heavy bleeding, and if they are present during pregnancy, they can result in preterm labor, bleeding or miscarriage.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome – This complex condition is related to a hormone imbalance and can affect a woman’s endocrine, reproductive and metabolic functions. PCOS is associated with a variety of symptoms, including infertility, irregular menstrual periods, acne, obesity, and increased facial or body hair.
  • Anovulation – Anovulation describes the failure of an ovary to ovulate during a woman’s menstrual cycle, significantly reducing the chances of fertility. This problem can be related to hormone imbalances affecting the thyroid, pituitary gland, hypothalamus, or another organ related to a woman’s hormone cycle.
  • Anatomical abnormalities – Anatomical abnormalities can affect a woman’s internal or external genitalia, and typically lead to problems with infertility and recurrent miscarriage. Common examples of anatomical abnormalities include: absent uterus, double vagina, absent fallopian tubes, non-functioning ovaries, imperforate hymen and ovaries with both male and female tissue.

Contact Our Fertility Specialists at GREFI

page-logo3Today In addition to reducing the chances of conception, fertility problems can also evoke an emotional response in affected couples, possibly leading to feelings of guilt, depression, grief, anger and even fear. If you have been trying to conceive for 12 months or more with no success, you should consider consulting a fertility specialist to discuss the possibility of diagnosing and treating any existing fertility problems. Here at GREFI, we understand how devastating fertility problems can be, and our specialists are dedicated to helping couples become families by treating underlying problems and improving the chances of conception. With offices in San Juan and Ponce, our highly-trained specialists at GREFI are able to provide fertility services to couples throughout Puerto Rico.

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